A közelmúlt eseményei
2017. május 10.
Comparing Democratic Transition and Civil Society in Taiwan and Hungary
Máté Szabó, University ELTE, Faculty of Law, Institute of Political Science,IASK fellow

Venue: Kőszeg, Chernel str. 14. Europe House, Bibó auditorium

Date: on the 10th of May at 10.00 a.m.

Different starting points, similar processes and differentiated outcomes has  to be identified comparing democratic transitions in East Central Europe and East and South Asia. There are  under similar global challenges comparable, but different regional patterns of democratization   developing. East Central Europe was economically marginalized during Communist times in the world economy, meanwhile some parts of Asia, as Taiwan and South Korea could be well integrated into the global wold economy under authoritarian rule. Europeanization and a general favourable external environment helped former Communist countries to be oriented towards Western type rule of law and democracy during the 90’s. Other  external factors helped Third Wave democracies in Asia, especially South Korea and Taiwan by US-American  economic, military and cultural partnerships to develop their human rights culture and democracy facing their totalitarian counterparts in PR China and North Korea. The very different positions Taiwan and Hungary have in their region recently are based upon different capacities of the transformation management since 1988-89. Taiwan could preserve its leading role and stable democracy despite of the thread to its sovereignty from the PR China. Hungary never had such an influential conflict partner and received security and welfare partnership from the EU lacking in the case of Taiwan. Security conditions of Taiwan were less, economic and social conditions were more favourable for democratization  than in Hungary. Hungary had a forerunner position in democratization processes in the times of post-communist transition which get lost during the crisis and conflicts of the last decade since 2006 and especially since 2010. Despite of the fact that liberalization prepared   the peaceful transition in both countries and resulted in similar processes of democratic consolidation in the 90’s, Hungary joined to the looser group of its region, and Taiwan is on the top of the winner countries of his region. Taiwan since the elections of 2016  started comprehensive reform processes toward more democracy, civil rights and rule of law. Hungarian development since 2010 elections  is criticized by many external and internal analysis  upon trends to  illiberalism and hybridization. We may state that Western global concepts of democratization may help to identify similarities  and differences , and compare  stronger and weaker factors  of democratic transitions in Asia and Europe under Third Wave democracies.