Born in Budapest (Hungary) in 1934.
Formerly he was Vice-President of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. His fields of interest are material sciences, optics, neutron physics, science policy. He has published over 250 scientific papers, has about 1500 references, he is the author of 7 books, has 40 patents and numerous technical reports. He serves onthe editorial board of 4 scientific journals. He was formerly President of the European Physics Society (1993-95) and President of the Hungarian Physical Society (1985-90).
He has been Chairman of the ESF Committee on Large Facilities since 1996 and Vice President of the Hungarian National Science Foundation since 1996. He has served as a member of the Executive Committee of EPS (1983-88), Freedom of Science Committee of ICSU (since 1997), Physics Action Council of UNESCO (since 1994), Governing Council of ESF (since 2000), Science Policy Committee of the Hungarian Government (1991-94), Governing Board of the Hungarian National Research Programme (since 2000), Science Advisory Board of the Hungarian Government (since 1999). He serves as scientific advisor to the EU and several EU countries (Germany, Finland, Ireland).